Francisco Goya

1746-1828 Goya is considered the 18th Century's foremost painter and etcher of Spanish culture, known for his realistic scenes of battles, bullfights and human corruption. Goya lived during a time of upheaval in Spain that included war with France, the Inquisition, the rule of Napoleon's brother, Joseph, as the King of Spain and, finally, the reign of the Spanish King Ferdinand VII. Experts proclaim these events -- and Goya's deafness as a result of an illness in 1793 -- as central to understanding Goya's work, which frequently depicts human misery in a satiric and sometimes nightmarish fashion. From the 1770s he was a royal court painter for Charles III and Charles IV, and when Bonaparte took the throne in 1809, Goya swore fealty to the new king. When the crown was restored to Spain's Ferdinand VII (1814), Goya, in spite of his earlier allegiance to the French king, was reinstated as royal painter. After 1824 he lived in self-imposed exile in Bordeaux until his death, reportedly because of political differences with Ferdinand. Over his long career he created hundreds of paintings, etchings, and lithographs, among them Maya Clothed and Maya Nude (1798-1800); Caprichos (1799-82); The Second of May 1808 and The Third of May 1808 (1814); Disasters of War (1810-20); and The Black Paintings (1820-23).

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Francisco Goya Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos oil painting


Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos
Painting ID::  38252
Artist: Francisco Goya
Painting: Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos
Introduction: mk132 1798 Oil on canvas 205x133cm
   
   
     

Francisco Goya General Nicolas Guye oil painting


General Nicolas Guye
Painting ID::  38253
Artist: Francisco Goya
Painting: General Nicolas Guye
Introduction: mk132 1810 Oil on canvas 106x84.7cm
   
   
     

Francisco Goya Countess-Duchess of Benavente oil painting


Countess-Duchess of Benavente
Painting ID::  38254
Artist: Francisco Goya
Painting: Countess-Duchess of Benavente
Introduction: mk132 1785 Oil on canvas 104x80cm Bartolome March Severa Madrid
   
   
     

Francisco Goya Marquise of Pontejos oil painting


Marquise of Pontejos
Painting ID::  38255
Artist: Francisco Goya
Painting: Marquise of Pontejos
Introduction: mk132 1786 Oil on canvas 211x126cm
   
   
     

Francisco Goya Marquise of la Solana oil painting


Marquise of la Solana
Painting ID::  38256
Artist: Francisco Goya
Painting: Marquise of la Solana
Introduction: mk132 1794-95 Oil on canvas 183x124cm
   
   
     

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     1746-1828 Goya is considered the 18th Century's foremost painter and etcher of Spanish culture, known for his realistic scenes of battles, bullfights and human corruption. Goya lived during a time of upheaval in Spain that included war with France, the Inquisition, the rule of Napoleon's brother, Joseph, as the King of Spain and, finally, the reign of the Spanish King Ferdinand VII. Experts proclaim these events -- and Goya's deafness as a result of an illness in 1793 -- as central to understanding Goya's work, which frequently depicts human misery in a satiric and sometimes nightmarish fashion. From the 1770s he was a royal court painter for Charles III and Charles IV, and when Bonaparte took the throne in 1809, Goya swore fealty to the new king. When the crown was restored to Spain's Ferdinand VII (1814), Goya, in spite of his earlier allegiance to the French king, was reinstated as royal painter. After 1824 he lived in self-imposed exile in Bordeaux until his death, reportedly because of political differences with Ferdinand. Over his long career he created hundreds of paintings, etchings, and lithographs, among them Maya Clothed and Maya Nude (1798-1800); Caprichos (1799-82); The Second of May 1808 and The Third of May 1808 (1814); Disasters of War (1810-20); and The Black Paintings (1820-23).